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Waterjet machines use high-pressure water to cut a wide range of materials including metal, stone, glass, and plastics. The water is mixed with an abrasive material, such as garnet, to increase the cutting power of the jet. The high-pressure water stream is directed onto the material to be cut, and the combination of water and abrasive creates a cutting action that can produce precise and intricate cuts with minimal material deformation.
Waterjet cutting is often used in industries such as manufacturing, automotive, aerospace, and metal fabrication, where the need for precise, clean cuts is important. Additionally, because waterjets use a cold cutting process, they do not create heat-affected zones, making them suitable for cutting delicate or heat-sensitive materials
Waterjet machines are commonly used for cutting marble, as they provide a precise, clean, and non-contact cutting process that minimizes the risk of damage to the material.
In marble cutting, the high-pressure water stream mixed with an abrasive material is directed onto the marble, and the abrasive in the water stream cuts into the marble. The abrasive material can be adjusted to match the hardness of the marble being cut, which helps to increase the efficiency of the cutting process.
One of the advantages of using a waterjet to cut marble is that it generates minimal heat, which helps to prevent any thermal stress or damage to the material. This makes waterjet cutting particularly suitable for delicate or intricate designs, and for cutting thin or brittle materials that may break or crack if cut using other methods.
Additionally, waterjet cutting can produce precise cuts with minimal material waste, which is important in the marble industry where material cost is a significant factor. The ability to make precise cuts also makes waterjet machines a popular choice for creating intricate designs or decorative elements in marble products.
There are several techniques that are used in waterjet cutting to produce high-quality cuts in a range of materials. Some of the most common techniques include: